2 edition of Achieving high groundnut yields found in the catalog.
Achieving high groundnut yields
International Workshop on Achieving High Groundnut Yields (1995 Laixi Xian, China)
by International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics in Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India
Written in English
|Statement||edited by C.L.L. Gowda ... [et al.].|
|Contributions||Gowda, C. L. L., International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-arid Tropics.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||vii, 287 p. :|
|Number of Pages||287|
|LC Control Number||97905918|
The yield of groundnut under commercial production in Pakistan is between and kg ha –1, whereas current on the farm yield with present varieties is about kg ha –1. The improvement in the genotype of groundnut is already at practice in different research institutions. Groundnuts (peanuts) are of great economic importance internationally. This book provides thorough coverage of all aspects of the crop, each chapter being written by experts in particular areas. The book will be invaluable to all those involved with the group, particularly agronomists, plant scientists and food scientists.
In Achieving High Groundnut Yields. Pp. Patancheru, India: ICRISAT [6.] Misari SM, Boye-Goni S and BK Kaigama Groundnut improvement, production, management, utilization in Nigeria: Problems and prospects. First ICRISAT Regional Groundnut Meeting for West Africa, Niamey Niger ; ICRISAT. [7.]. When groundnut is used for oil production, the residue material (by-product) left after oil has been extracted – known as groundnut meal or groundnut cake - is a useful protein-rich animal feed for pig, dairy, poultry and other types of livestock. In some countries, the cake from domestic oil pressing is ground into flour and used in human foods.
The crop can survive drought or reduced rain but yields will be low. Well-drained soils are needed although the crop can also grow well in clay soils. When and how to plant. Just like maize, groundnut is an early season crop hence it must be grown at the onset of rains. In Kenya for instance, best planting seasons are Feb-March and August. Per acre yield of groundnut is still low because of low rains, low inputs by the farmer with unprecedented environmental conditions and unavailability of high yielding varieties. Groundnut is basically a stifling plant and needs a lengthy and hot growing period with optimum rainfall ( mm) and optimum temperature of 25 to 30oC (Weiss, ).
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Achieving high groundnut yields: proceedings of an international workshop, AugustShandong Peanut Research Institute (SPRI), Laixi, Shandong, China Author: C L L Gowda ; International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics. the groundnut yields by 23 – 36% (Hundal and Kaur ).
The optimum temper- The optimum temper- ature for groundnut is between 25 and 30 °C for growth processes and 28 – 33 °C. Good kernel yields of 1t/ha.
Drought stress tolerance. Resistant to aphids, Hilda and grain moth. Groundnuts have a high requirement for calcium, especially during the pegging stage.
Low availability of calcium at this stage will result in a large proportion of This is a critical aspect of groundnut production, because of the potential. About 90% of total groundnut is cultivated in the semi-arid tropic (SAT) regions of the world as a major oilseed and food crop and provides essential nutrients required by human diet.
Climate change is the main threat to yield and quality of the produce in the SAT regions, and effects are already being seen in some temperate areas also. Rising CO2 levels, erratic rainfall, humidity, short Cited by: 1.
Basu, M.S. and The status of technologies used to achieve high groundnut yields on India, Achieving High Groundnut Yields, Proceedings of an. In groundnut turning of leaves into yellow color and inside portion of the pod will turn into brown color are the harvesting indices.
Pods should be separated from the plant and dry the pods enough until achieving 9 % moisture content. Farmer can get a yield. from kg/ha. For example, Langat et al. () reported groundnut yields of kg/ha for pure stands in Western Kenya in On their study, Okoko et al.
() observed an average yield of kg/ha for Valencia White (i.e. a high yielding groundnut variety) while the farmers’ traditional variety had an average of kg/ha for. How land is prepared for groundnut cultivation Remove stumps and clear weeds, but do not burn.
Prepare land using a tractor, animal drawn plough, or a hoe. Land should be prepared early, at the onset of the rainy season. Plough fields deeply with fine seed beds to obtain better yield. penetrates the ground. The groundnut pod is produced underground at the tip of the pegs.
The topsoil must thus have a low clay content (less than 20%) with a loose structure so that the peg may penetrate the soil freely. Soils with a high clay percentage in the topsoil may cause the groundnut pegs to break at harvest. Soil compaction can. With an average harvest of 1t/ ha, a farmer can expect a return of about R11 /ha, thus achieving a fair margin.
In South Africa, the Hoopstad area is particularly well suited to groundnut production and farmers there achieve yields of up to 2t/ha, according to Gerhard. Rising CO 2 levels, erratic rainfall, humidity, short episodes of high temperature and salinity hamper the physiology, disease resistance, fertility and yield as well as seed nutrient levels of groundnut.
To meet growing demands of the increasing population against the threats of climate change, it is necessary to develop climate-smart.
The highest groundnut yields are observed when available soil moisture is kept above 50 % of field capacity. Therefore, sprinkler irrigation is recommended when the moisture has been depleted to 50 % of field capacity in the top 60 cm.
During peak water-use periods ( cm day-1) the field may require cm of water every 5 days. New groundnut variety with high oil, high pod yields released in Central India 17 Jul A new groundnut variety, with 28% higher yields of oil and pods compared to zonal checks, has been released in Chhattisgarh state, Read more.
Common Product Yields VEGETABLES Acorn Squash Flesh Raw 74% Eggplant Trim, Pared, and Sliced 81% Artichoke Edible Leaves and Base 40% Endive Trimmed and Cored 86% Asparagus Trimmed Ends 80% Fennel Trimmed and Cored 86% Beets Peeled and.
Achieving High Groundnut Yields Proceedings of an International Workshop August Shandong Peanut Research Institute (SPRI) Laixi, Shandong, China Edited by C L L Gowda, S N Nigam, C Johansen, and C Renard ICRISAT International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics.
Johansen C, Nageswara Rao RC () Maximizing groundnut yields. In: Renard C, Gowda CLL, Nigam SN, Johansen C (eds) Achieving high groundnut yields. Proceedings of international workshop, 25–29 AugLaixi City, Shandong.
ICRISAT, Patancheru, pp. groundnut. Though the average yield of groundnut, in India, is around 1 t ha-1, under high management practices more than 6 t ha-1 pod yield has been reported at several occasions in some part of the country.
This clearly indicates that the yield potential of groundnut has not been exploited even by 30 % and there is tremendous scope to. Yields of the fibre crop have actually fallen in the last years due to repeated pink bollworm attacks.
What has really tilted the balance, on top of the above, is prices. These, in the case of groundnut, hit a record Rs 6,/quintal early this year, overtaking the average Rs 5, levels for kapas.
Introduction. Groundnut is a major oil seed crop grown in tropics and sub-tropic parts of the world. Nigeria is the fourth largest producer of groundnut after China, India and USA (USDA ).In United States of America groundnut yield is as high as kg ha −1, while the average yield in tropical Africa is about kg ha −1, which is traceable to weed infestation (Akobundu ).
Strip off the pods from the plants. Groundnut stripper developed by TNAU can be used. Dry the pods in the sun for 4 or 5 days.
Repeat drying for 2 or 3 more days after an interval of 2 or 3 days to ensure complete drying. When temperature is very high, avoid direct sun drying.
These were improved groundnut varieties, ICGVICGV and ICGV with a duration of days. In this short period, the farmers obtained high yields (2 to 4 tons per ha) for ICGV variety, 5 tons per ha for ICGV variety and tons per ha for ICGV variety.Books at Amazon.
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Here you'll find current best sellers in books, new releases in books, deals in books, Kindle eBooks, Audible audiobooks, and so much more.Groundnut is grown in a well-drained sandy loam, or sandy clay loam soil. Deep well-drained soils with a pH of and high fertility, are ideal for groundnut.
Runner and Spanish types are better suited to heavy textured soils than the Virginia types. The loss of pods is usually high in heavier soils.